Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Br J Ophthalmol. 2013 Jan;97(1):28-32. doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2012-302137. Epub 2012 Oct 20.

Subconjunctival bevacizumab induces regression of corneal neovascularisation: a pilot randomised placebo-controlled double-masked trial.

Author information

  • 1Moorfields Eye Hospital, 162 City Road, London EC1V 2PD, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the off-label use of subconjunctival bevacizumab for corneal neovascularisation (CoNV).

METHODS:

30 patients with recent-onset CoNV from various causes were randomly assigned into a double-masked, placebo-controlled trial. Each received three 0.1 ml injections containing either 2.5 mg bevacizumab or 0.9% saline at monthly intervals. Dexamethasone 0.1% drops were used four times a day for the first month, when the dose was modified if clinically indicated. The primary outcome was change in area of corneal involvement by CoNV from baseline to 3 months measured using specialised imaging technology.

RESULTS:

The mean area of CoNV reduced by -36% (range -92% to +40%) in the 15 eyes that received bevacizumab compared with an increase of 90% (range -58% to +1394%) in eyes that received saline placebo (analysis of covariance (ANCOVA); p=0.007). One outlier in the placebo arm developed corneal graft rejection with aggressive neovascularisation (+1384%), but even when this patient was excluded the mean reduction in CoNV in the placebo group (-3%, range -58% to +40%) was still significantly different from the treatment arm (ANCOVA; p=0.016). Changes in best-corrected visual acuity, central corneal thickness, intraocular pressure and endothelial cell counts were similar between groups. The intervention was well tolerated with no major safety concerns.

CONCLUSIONS:

Three subconjunctival injections of 2.5 mg bevacizumab are more effective than placebo at inducing the regression of recent-onset CoNV. Further studies are needed to confirm this effect and our data suggest that a sample size of 40 patients per treatment group is required.

PMID:
23087419
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk