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Nanoscale. 2012 Dec 7;4(23):7411-8. doi: 10.1039/c2nr32584e.

Carbon-riveted Pt catalyst supported on nanocapsule MWCNTs-Al2O3 with ultrahigh stability for high-temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells.

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  • 1School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, No.92 West-Da Zhi Street, Harbin 150001, China.

Abstract

Pt catalyst supported on nanocapsule MWCNTs-Al(2)O(3) (multi-walled carbon nanotubes, MWCNTs) catalyst has been prepared by microwave-assisted polyol process (MAPP). The results of electrochemical measurements show that the nanocapsule Pt/MWCNTs-Al(2)O(3) catalyst has higher activity due to more uniform dispersion and smaller size of Pt nanoparticles, and higher stability ascribed to the stronger metal-support interaction (SMSI) between Pt nanoparticles and nanocapsule support than in Pt/MWCNTs. Furthermore, the carbon-riveted nanocapsule Pt/MWCNTs-Al(2)O(3) catalyst has been designed and synthesized on the basis of in situ carbonization of glucose. The physical characteristics such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive analysis of X-ray (EDAX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) have indicated that α-Al(2)O(3) indeed entered into the inside of the MWCNTs and formed a nanocapsule support of MWCNTs with α-Al(2)O(3) as stuffing. The accelerated potential cycling tests (APCT) show that carbon-riveted nanocapsule Pt/MWCNTs-Al(2)O(3) possesses 10 times the stability of Pt/C and has 4.5 times the life-span of carbon-riveted Pt/TiO(2)-C reported in our previous work. The significantly enhanced stability for carbon-riveted nanocapsule Pt/MWCNTs-Al(2)O(3) catalyst is attributed to the reasons as follows: the inherently excellent mechanical resistance and stability of α-Al(2)O(3) and MWCNTs in acidic and oxidative environments; SMSI between Pt nanoparticles and the nanocapsule support; the anchoring effect of the carbon layers formed during the carbon-riveting process (CRP); the increase of Pt(0) composition during CRP.

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