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Blood Cancer J. 2012 Oct 19;2:e95. doi: 10.1038/bcj.2012.30.

Managing chronic myeloid leukemia patients intolerant to tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy.

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  • 1Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA.

Abstract

The outcomes for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia have improved dramatically with the development and availability of BCR-ABL1 tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) over the past decade. TKI therapy has a superior safety profile compared with the previous standard of care, interferon-α, and most adverse events (AEs) observed with front-line and second-line TKI treatment are managed with supportive care. However, some patients are intolerant to TKI therapy and experience AEs that cannot be managed through dose reduction or symptomatic treatment. Careful management of AEs helps patients to remain adherent with treatment and increases their chances for successful outcomes. Proactive vigilance for potential AEs and treatment strategies that reduce symptom burden will help to minimize patient intolerance. This review discusses the most common AEs associated with intolerance to TKI therapy and treatment strategies to help manage patients at risk for or experiencing these events.

PMID:
23085780
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3483619
Free PMC Article
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