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Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2012 Nov;35(9):625-33. doi: 10.1016/j.gastrohep.2012.07.008. Epub 2012 Oct 22.

[Attitudes among Spanish and Latin American non-medical health professionals to living donor liver transplantation].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

  • 1Proyecto Colaborativo Internacional Donante, Murcia, España. ARZRIOS@teleline.es

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Hospital professionals are an opinion group that influences the general population.

OBJECTIVE:

To analyze attitudes to living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) among non-medical professionals working in Spanish and Latin American hospitals and to determine the variables that influence these attitudes.

MATERIAL AND METHOD:

A random sample, stratified by department, was selected from non-medical staff in the "International Donor Collaborative Project": there were three hospitals in Spain, five in Mexico and two in Cuba. Attitudes were evaluated through a validated, anonymous, self-administered questionnaire.

RESULTS:

There were 951 non-medical professionals: 277 from Spain, 632 from Mexico and 42 from Cuba. A total of 86% (n = 818) were in favor of related living donation and 31% (n = 299) were in favor of unrelated living donation. This attitude was associated with the following: country (Mexico 88%, Cuba 83%, Spain 81%) (p =0.016), female sex (p =0.026), having experience of donation and transplantation (p =0.001), having a favorable attitude to donation (P <0.001), considering the possibility of needing a transplant (P <0.001), being in favor of living kidney donation (P <0.001), being willing to accept a transplant from a living donor if necessary (P <0.001), discussing donation and transplantation with the family and partner (P <0.001), carrying out pro-social activities (P <0.001), believing that one's religion was in favor of donation and transplantation (P<0.001), and not worrying about bodily mutilation after donation (P <0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Attitudes toward related LDLT among non-medical staff in various Spanish, Mexican and Cuban hospitals are favorable. In 86% of those surveyed, this attitude was not influenced by classical psychosocial factors.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier España, S.L. and AEEH y AEG. All rights reserved.

PMID:
23084665
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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