Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Infect Control. 2013 Jan;41(1):33-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2012.05.030. Epub 2012 Oct 17.

Continuous passive disinfection of catheter hubs prevents contamination and bloodstream infection.

Author information

  • 1Department of Infection Control, NorthShore University HealthSystem, Evanston, IL 60201, USA. mwright@northshore.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Catheter hub decontamination requires a thorough scrub and compliance varies. This study evaluates the effectiveness of a disinfection cap with 70% alcohol in preventing contamination/infection.

METHODS:

A 3-phased, multifacility, quasi-experimental study of adult patients with central lines divided into P1 (baseline), when the standard scrub was used; P2, when the cap was used on all central lines; and P3, when standard disinfection was reinstituted. House-wide central-line associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) rates are reported with catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) as a control measure. Adults with peripherally inserted central catheters inserted during hospitalization having 5+ consecutive line-days gave consent and were enrolled, and 1.5 mL of blood was withdrawn from each lumen not in use and quantitatively cultured.

RESULTS:

Contamination was 12.7% (32/252) during P1; 5.5% (20/364) in P2 (P = .002), and 12.0% (22/183; P = 0.88 vs P1 and P = .01 vs P2) in P3 (P = .001 vs P2). The median colony-forming units per milliliter was 4 for P1, 1 for P2 (P = .009), and 2 for P3 (P = .05 vs P2). CLABSI rates declined from 1.43 per 1,000 line-days (16/11,154) to 0.69 (13/18,972) in P2 (P = .04) and increased to 1.31 (7/5,354) in P3. CAUTI rates remained stable between P1 and P2 (1.42 and 1.41, respectively, P = .90) but declined in P3 (1.04, P = .03 vs P1 and P2).

CONCLUSION:

Disinfecting caps reduce line contamination, organism density, and CLABSIs.

Copyright © 2013 Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk