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J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1990 Mar;99(3):543-61.

The Carpentier-Edwards standard porcine bioprosthesis. A first-generation tissue valve with excellent long-term clinical performance.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Abstract

The Carpentier-Edwards standard porcine bioprosthesis was implanted in 1190 patients (1201 operations, 1303 valves) between January 1975 and June 1986; most implants were before 1982. The mean age of the patients was 57.2 years (range 8 to 85 years). The early mortality was 7.6% (aortic valve replacement 5.1%, mitral valve replacement 8.8%, and multiple valve replacement 15.3%). Late mortality was 3.9% per patient-year (aortic valve replacement 3.6%, mitral valve replacement 4.2%, and multiple valve replacement 3.8%). The total cumulative follow-up period was 6737 years. Thromboembolism was 1.5% per patient-year (fatal 0.4% per patient-year) (minor 0.6%, major 0.9%); antithromboembolic therapy-related hemorrhage was 0.5% (fatal 0.1%); prosthetic valve endocarditis was 0.6% (fatal 0.2%); nonstructural dysfunction was 0.5% (fatal 0.2%); and structural valve deterioration and/or primary tissue failure was 1.5% per patient-year (fatal, 0.2% per patient-year). Thromboembolism and structural valve deterioration were the significant complications, structural valve deterioration occurring primarily between the sixth and 10th year of evaluation. The overall patient survival was 65.0% for aortic valve replacement and 54.8% for mitral valve replacement (p less than 0.05) at 10 years. The patients were classified as 92.9% New York Heart Association functional classes III and IV preoperatively and 92.3% classes I and II postoperatively. Freedom at 10 years from thromboembolism was 84.3% for aortic valve replacement and 76.5% for mitral valve replacement (p = 0.05); structural valve deterioration was 78.6% for aortic valve replacement and 71.6% for mitral valve replacement (p less than 0.05); reoperation was 74.4% for aortic valve replacement and 67.1% for mitral valve replacement (p less than 0.05). Freedom from all valve-related complications at 10 years was 58.9% for aortic valve replacement and 46.8% for mitral valve replacement (p less than 0.05); valve-related mortality was 89.5% for aortic valve replacement and 82.6% for mitral valve replacement (p = not significant); mortality and reoperation was 58.9% for aortic valve replacement and 46.8% for mitral valve replacement (p less than 0.05); mortality and residual morbidity (treatment failure) was 87.2% for aortic valve replacement and 75.1% for mitral valve replacement (p = not significant); mortality, residual morbidity, and reoperation were 66.3% for aortic valve replacement and 54.9% for mitral valve replacement (p less than 0.05). The standard Carpentier-Edwards porcine bioprosthesis has provided satisfactory clinical performance and has afforded patients excellent quality of life.

PMID:
2308373
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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