Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Inflammation. 2013 Apr;36(2):379-86. doi: 10.1007/s10753-012-9557-z.

A high-fat diet increases IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-α production by increasing NF-κB and attenuating PPAR-γ expression in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells.

Author information

  • 1Department of Clinical and Toxicological Analyses, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of São Paulo, 05508-900, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

It is well established that a high-fat diet (HFD) can lead to overweight and ultimately to obesity, as well as promoting low-grade chronic inflammation associated with increased levels of such mediators as TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which are involved in hematopoietic niches and microenvironments, can be affected by these cytokines, resulting in induction of NF-κB and inhibition of PPAR-γ. Because this phenomenon could ultimately lead to suppression of bone marrow adipogenesis, we set out to investigate the effect of an HFD on the expression of PPAR-γ and NF-κB, as well as the production of IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-α in MSCs. Two-month-old male Wistar rats were fed a HFD diet and evaluated by means of leukograms and myelograms along with blood total cholesterol, triglyceride, and C-reactive protein levels. MSCs were isolated, and PPAR-γ and NF-κB were quantified, as well as IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-α production. Animals that were fed a HFD showed higher levels of blood total cholesterol, triglycerides, and C-reactive protein with leukocytosis and bone marrow hyperplasia. MSCs from HFD animals showed increased production of IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-α and increased NF-κB and reduced PPAR-γ expression. Therefore, ingestion of an HFD induces alterations in MSCs that may influence modulation of hematopoiesis.

PMID:
23079940
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk