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J Nerv Ment Dis. 1990 Mar;178(3):200-3.

Gender differences in the clinical features of unipolar major depressive disorder.

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  • 1Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois 60612.


Gender differences in the presence or absence and the severity of forty-seven clinician-rated features of depression were examined, controlling for the sex of the rater. Subjects consisted of 498 moderately to severely depressed patients coming for treatment and diagnosed as suffering from nonpsychotic, unipolar major depressive disorder. Significant differences were found only for increased appetite and weight. No differences were observed in endogenous symptoms, global severity of depression, or impairment in functioning. The results indicate that, although the rate of major depressive disorder is greater in women, its symptomatology is relatively homogeneous with regard to gender.

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