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J Urol. 2013 Apr;189(4):1388-95. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2012.10.017. Epub 2012 Oct 16.

Results of a randomized phase III trial of mirabegron in patients with overactive bladder.

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  • 1New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York 10016, USA. victor.nitti@nyumc.org

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Many patients with overactive bladder discontinue pharmacotherapy due to suboptimal efficacy or side effects. Mirabegron, a β3-adrenoceptor agonist, may offer an effective and well tolerated alternative treatment for overactive bladder.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial was conducted in the United States and Canada. After a 2-week placebo run-in period, adults with overactive bladder symptoms for 3 or more months were randomized 1:1:1 to receive placebo, 50 or 100 mg mirabegron once daily for 12 weeks. Efficacy data were collected via patient completed diaries and quality of life assessments. Co-primary efficacy end points were changes from baseline to final visit in mean number of incontinence episodes per 24 hours and micturitions per 24 hours. Key secondary micturition and incontinence end points were also evaluated. Safety assessments included treatment emergent adverse events, laboratory assessments, vital signs, electrocardiograms and post-void residual volume.

RESULTS:

Compared to placebo, 50 and 100 mg mirabegron groups demonstrated statistically significantly greater mean decreases (95% CI) from baseline for incontinence episodes (-1.13 [-1.35, -0.91], -1.47 [-1.69, -1.25] and -1.63 [-1.86, -1.40]) and micturitions (-1.05 [-1.31, -0.79], -1.66 [-1.92, -1.40] and -1.75 [-2.01, -1.48]) per 24 hours (p <0.05). Significant improvements in all key secondary end points were observed for both mirabegron doses vs placebo. The incidence of frequently reported treatment emergent adverse events (hypertension, urinary tract infection, headache, nasopharyngitis) was similar in the mirabegron and placebo groups. Dry mouth was reported for 1.5%, 0.5% and 2.1% of patients in the placebo, 50 and 100 mg mirabegron groups, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

Once daily mirabegron in a 50 or 100 mg dose is an effective treatment for overactive bladder symptoms with a low occurrence of side effects.

Copyright © 2013 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
23079373
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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