Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Exp Med. 1990 Mar 1;171(3):861-73.

Human interleukin 4 receptor confers biological responsiveness and defines a novel receptor superfamily.

Author information

  • 1Immunex Corporation, Seattle, Washington 98101.

Abstract

IL-4, a pleiotropic cytokine produced by T lymphocytes, plays an important role in immune responsiveness by regulating proliferation and differentiation of a variety of lymphoid and myeloid cells via binding to high affinity receptors. In this report we describe the isolation and functional expression of a human IL-4-R cDNA. When transfected into COS-7 cells, the cDNA encodes a 140-kD cell-surface protein. After transfection into a murine T cell line, the cDNA encodes a protein that binds human IL-4 with high affinity and can confer responsiveness to human IL-4. The predicted extracellular domain of the IL-4-R exhibits significant amino acid sequence homology with the beta subunit of the IL-2-R (p75), and the receptors for IL-6, erythropoietin, and prolactin. These receptors comprise a novel superfamily with extracellular domains characterized by four conserved cysteine residues and a double tryptophan-serine (WSXWS) motif located proximal to the transmembrane region.

PMID:
2307934
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2187789
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk