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Cell Adh Migr. 2013 Jan-Feb;7(1):135-41. doi: 10.4161/cam.22418. Epub 2012 Oct 17.

Laminin 332 in junctional epidermolysis bullosa.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology, University Freiburg Medical Center, Freiburg, Germany.

Abstract

Laminin 332 is an essential component of the dermal-epidermal junction, a highly specialized basement membrane zone that attaches the epidermis to the dermis and thereby provides skin integrity and resistance to external mechanical forces. Mutations in the LAMA3, LAMB3 and LAMC2 genes that encode the three constituent polypeptide chains, α3, β3 and γ2, abrogate or perturb the functions of laminin 332. The phenotypic consequences are diminished dermal-epidermal adhesion and, as clinical symptoms, skin fragility and mechanically induced blistering. The disorder is designated as junctional epidermolysis bullosa (JEB). This article delineates the signs and symptoms of the different forms of JEB, the mutational spectrum, genotype-phenotype correlations as well as perspectives for future molecular therapies.

PMID:
23076207
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3544777
Free PMC Article
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