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Case Rep Genet. 2012;2012:681747. doi: 10.1155/2012/681747. Epub 2011 Nov 21.

Detection of chromosome x;18 breakpoints and translocation of the xq22.3;18q23 regions resulting in variable fertility phenotypes.

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  • 1Genetics Department, Genesis Clinical Genetics, Suite 3 Allamanda Medical Centre, 25 Spendelove Street, Southport, Qld 4215, Australia.

Abstract

We describe a familial pattern of gonosomal-autosomal translocation between the X and 18 chromosomes, balanced and unbalanced forms, in male and female siblings. The proposita was consulted for hypergonadotropic hypogonadism. Karyotype analysis revealed a balanced 46, X, t(X;18)(q22.3;q23) genotype. The sister of the proband presented with oligomenorrhea with irregular menses and possesses an unbalanced form of the translocation 46, X, der(X), t(X;18)(q22.3;q23). The brother of the proband was investigated and was found to possess the balanced form of the same translocation, resulting in disrupted spermatogenesis. Maternal investigation revealed the progenitor karyotype 46, X, t(X;18)(q22.3;q23). Maternal inheritance and various genomic events contributed to the resultant genotypes. Primary infertility was initially diagnosed in all progeny; however, the male individual recently fathered twins. We briefly review the mechanisms associated with X;18 translocations and describe a pattern of inheritance, where breakpoints and translocation of the Xq22.3;18q23 regions have resulted in variable fertility.

PMID:
23074692
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3447224
Free PMC Article

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