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Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2012 Oct;67(10):1197-202.

Pharmacokinetics of cyclosporin--a microemulsion in children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome.

Author information

  • 1Instituto da Criança, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo/SP, Brazil. lushenriques@gmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We present a prospective study of a microemulsion of cyclosporin to treat idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in ten children with normal renal function who presented cyclosporin trough levels between 50 and 150 ng/ml and achieved complete remission with cyclosporin. To compare the pharmacokinetic parameters of cyclosporin in idiopathic nephrotic syndrome during remission and relapse of the nephrotic state.

METHOD:

The pharmacokinetic profile of cyclosporin was evaluated with the 12-hour area under the time-concentration curve (auc0-12) using seven time-point samples. This procedure was performed on each patient during remission and relapse with the same cyclosporin dose in mg/kg/day. The 12-hour area under the time-concentration curve was calculated using the trapezoidal rule. All of the pharmacokinetic parameters and the resumed 4-hour area under the time-concentration curve were correlated with the 12-hour area under the time-concentration curve. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01616446.

RESULTS:

There were no significant differences in any parameters of the pharmacokinetic of cyclosporin during remission and relapse, even when the data were normalized by dose. The best correlation with the 12-hour area under the time-concentration curve was the 4-hour area under the time-concentration curve on remission and relapse of the disease, followed by the 2-hour level after cyclosporin (c2) dosing in both disease states.

CONCLUSIONS:

These data indicate that the same parameters used for cyclosporin therapeutic monitoring estimated during the nephrotic state can also be used during remission. Larger controlled studies are needed to confirm these findings.

PMID:
23070347
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3460023
Free PMC Article

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