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J Athl Train. 2012 Sep-Oct;47(5):516-8. doi: 10.4085/1062-6050-47.5.02.

Infectious disease outbreaks in competitive sports, 2005-2010.

Author information

  • 1Central Pathology Laboratory, Trinity College Dublin, St. James's Dublin, 8, Ireland. collinc6@tcd.ie

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Old, evolving, and new infectious agents continually threaten the participation of competitors in sports.

OBJECTIVE:

To provide an update of the medical literature on infectious disease outbreaks in sport for the last 5 years (May 2005-November 2010).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

A total of 21 outbreaks or clusters were identified.

RESULTS:

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (n = 7, 33%; mainly community acquired) and tinea (trichophytosis: n = 6, 29%) were the most common pathogens responsible for outbreaks. Skin and soft tissue was the most common site of infection (n = 15, 71%).

CONCLUSIONS:

The majority of outbreaks reported occurred in close-contact sports, mainly combat sports (ie, wrestling, judo) and American football. Twelve outbreaks (57%) involved high school or collegiate competitors. Common community outbreak pathogens, such as influenza virus and norovirus, have received little attention.

PMID:
23068588
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3465031
Free PMC Article
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