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Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2012 Dec;86:227-32. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2012.09.024. Epub 2012 Oct 12.

The composition and mercury complexation characteristics of dissolved organic matter in landfill leachates with different ages.

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  • 1State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China.

Abstract

Dissolved organic matter obtained from landfill leachate was separated into hydrophobic acid, base, neutral (HOA, HOB, HON) and hydrophilic (HIM) fractions. Fluorescence excitation-emission matrix spectra and parallel factor analysis were employed to characterize the composition, and fluorescence quenching titration technique was applied to study the complexation between Hg (II) and HON, HOA, and HIM fractions. Protein-like substances, humic-like compounds and xenobiotic organic matters (XOM) were identified in all fractions. The HOA, HOB and HON fractions comprised mainly XOM, while the HIM fraction consisted primarily of humic-like compounds. The complexation ability of protein-like substances was higher than that of humic-like compounds. The complexation ability of the HIM was highest for protein-like substances, while the complexation ability of the HON fraction was the highest for humic-like substances. The results suggested that the toxicity and bioavailability of the mercury in the young leachates was the highest, and decreased with landfill time.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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