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J Biomed Mater Res A. 2013 May;101(5):1328-35. doi: 10.1002/jbm.a.34449. Epub 2012 Oct 15.

Sustained, localized transgene expression mediated from lentivirus-loaded biodegradable polyester elastomers.

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  • 1Department of Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA.

Abstract

The study of biomaterials for gene delivery in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine is a growing area, necessitating the investigation of new biomaterials and gene delivery vectors. Poly(1,8-octanediol citrate) (POC) and poly(glycerol-sebacate) (PGS) are biodegradable, biocompatible elastomers that have tunable mechanical properties, surface characteristics, and degradation rate. The objective of this work was to investigate whether POC and PGS would support the immobilization and release of lentivirus to allow sustained and localized transgene expression. Porous biomaterials were prepared using salt as a porogen, and in vitro and in vivo transgene expression from immobilized and released lentiviruses were assessed. Cells seeded onto biomaterials loaded with lentiviruses yielded titer-dependent transgene expression in vitro. Lentivirus activity on both biomaterials was maintained for at least 5 days. When implanted subcutaneously in rats, POC and PGS with immobilized lentivirus exhibited sustained and localized transgene expression for at least 5 weeks. This research demonstrates that lentivirus immobilization on POC and PGS is feasible and potentially useful for a variety of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine applications.

Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

PMID:
23065823
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC4058645
Free PMC Article
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