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Exp Ther Med. 2012 Jul;4(1):55-60. Epub 2012 May 7.

Upregulation of C-X-C chemokine receptor type 1 expression is associated with late-stage gastric adenocarcinoma.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, School of Basic Medicine;


Chemokine receptors play multiple roles in the development and progression of various tumor types. The aim of this study was to examine C-X-C chemokine receptor type 1 (CXCR1) protein expression in gastric adenocarcinoma and to investigate the clinical implications of CXCR1 upregulation. Expression of CXCR1 protein in 83 specimens of sporadic gastric adenocarcinoma and their corresponding non-neoplastic mucosa obtained by gastrectomy was assayed using immunohistochemistry. The intensity of immunostaining in tumor tissue was considered strong when tumor tissue staining was more intense than in the corresponding non-neoplastic mucosa; the intensity was null when staining was weaker in the tumor than in the corresponding non-neoplastic mucosa; and the intensity was weak when staining was similar in both tissues. Microvascular density in tumor tissue and its corresponding non-neoplastic mucosa was measured using monoclonal antibody against CD34. A strong correlation was observed between elevated CXCR1 protein expression and tumor stage (P<0.05). T stage, N stage and overall stage positively correlated with CXCR1 protein expression. Microvascular density was higher in tumors with strong CXCR1 protein expression, but the correlation with CXCR1 was not linear (P=0.07). Multiple logistic regression analyses showed that, compared to no or weak expression, overexpression of CXCR1 protein was a significant risk factor for high N stage (N2, N3). These results indicate that CXCR1 may be considered as a new and promising target for gastric adenocarcinoma therapy.

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