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Plast Reconstr Surg. 1990 Mar;85(3):373-7.

Capsular contracture after breast reconstruction with silicone-gel and saline-filled implants: a 6-year follow-up.

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  • 1Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.


A major problem after breast reconstruction with augmentation mammaplasty is contracture of the fibrous capsule around the prosthesis. In a series of 72 breasts in 65 women, silicone-gel and saline-filled implants were randomly selected prior to breast reconstruction. The results were judged with respect to consistency, tenderness, wrinkles, and sounds by two independent plastic surgeons according to the breast augmentation classification (BAC) and by the patients themselves. Capsular contracture was found by the surgeons in 50 percent of the gel implant group and in 16 percent of the saline implant group, which is in conformity with the results of the follow-up 5 years earlier. The incidence of deflation was 16 percent in the saline group and occurred in different sizes of both overinflated and underinflated prostheses. The degree of slow leakage from saline implants will be discussed. Despite the high rate of contractures in the gel group, 85 percent of all patients were satisfied with the result of the reconstruction.

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