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Anticancer Drugs. 2013 Jan;24(1):1-13. doi: 10.1097/CAD.0b013e32835a5ca3.

Management of toxicities associated with high-dose interleukin-2 and biochemotherapy.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacy, University of Colorado Hospital, Aurora, Colorado, USA.

Abstract

High-dose interleukin-2, administered as a single agent or in combination with antineoplastic agents, known as biochemotherapy, holds the promise of durable remissions for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma and metastatic melanoma. The toxicities arising from high-dose interleukin-2-based therapies affect every organ system, causing significant acute morbidity. Administration of high-dose interleukin-2-based therapies requires specialized care and knowledge because of the severity and uniqueness of toxicities compared with the toxicities encountered with other forms of anticancer therapy. However, the toxicities of high-dose interleukin-2-based therapies are predictable and manageable by vigilant monitoring and appropriate supportive care protocols. To maximize outcomes, both acute and delayed toxicities require vigilant monitoring and adroit symptom management. This review details the pathophysiology, monitoring parameters, and management strategies for patients receiving high-dose interleukin-2-based therapy, with a focus on new and important management principles.

PMID:
23044722
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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