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Pediatr Clin North Am. 2012 Oct;59(5):1093-115. doi: 10.1016/j.pcl.2012.07.009. Epub 2012 Aug 22.

Pharmacotherapy of pediatric HIV infection.

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  • 1Division of Infectious Diseases, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010, USA. nrakhman@cnmc.org

Abstract

The delivery of safe and effective antiretroviral therapy to children and adolescents is crucial to save the lives of millions of children worldwide. The immunologic response to human immunodeficiency infection is closely related to a child's development and creates age-specific parameters for the evaluation of therapeutic response to antiretroviral therapy. Similarly, the development and maturation of organ systems involved in drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination determines significant changes in the pharmacokinetics of antiretroviral drugs throughout childhood. The authors review the evolution in treatment of pediatric HIV from infancy through adolescence.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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