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Dig Dis Sci. 1990 Feb;35(2):251-6.

Stimulation of secretory IgA and secretory component of immunoglobulins in small intestine of rats treated with Saccharomyces boulardii.

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  • 1Laboratory of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium.


Saccharomyces boulardii (S.b.) is largely used in Western European countries for the treatment of acute infectious enteritis and antibiotic-induced gastrointestinal disorders. To study the mechanisms of the protective effect of S.b. against enteral pathogen infection, we assessed the response of the intestinal secretion of secretory IgA (s-IgA) and of the secretory component of immunoglobulins (SC) to oral administration of high doses (0.5 mg/g body weight, three times per day) of S.b. cells in growing rats. S.b. cells (biological activity: 2.8 x 10(9) viable cells/100 mg) were administered daily by gastric intubation to weanling rats from day 14 until day 22 postpartum. Control groups received either 0.9% saline or ovalbumin following the same schedule. Expressed per milligram of cell protein, SC content was significantly increased in crypt cells isolated from the jejunum (48.5% vs saline controls, P less than 0.05) as it was in the duodenal fluid (62.8% vs saline controls, P less than 0.01) of rats treated with S.b. Oral treatment with S.b. had no effect on the secretion of SC by the liver. In the duodenal fluid of rats treated with S.b. cells, the mean concentration of s-IgA was increased by 56.9% (P less than 0.01) over the concentration of s-IgA measured in saline controls.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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