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PLoS One. 2012;7(9):e45756. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0045756. Epub 2012 Sep 20.

Identification of prostate-specific G-protein coupled receptor as a tumor antigen recognized by CD8(+) T cells for cancer immunotherapy.

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  • 1Center for Cell and Gene Therapy, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among elderly men in the US, and immunotherapy has been shown to be a promising strategy to treat patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Efforts to identify novel prostate specific tumor antigens will facilitate the development of effective cancer vaccines against prostate cancer. Prostate-specific G-protein coupled receptor (PSGR) is a novel antigen that has been shown to be specifically over-expressed in human prostate cancer tissues. In this study, we describe the identification of PSGR-derived peptide epitopes recognized by CD8(+) T cells in an HLA-A2 dependent manner.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

Twenty-one PSGR-derived peptides were predicted by an immuno-informatics approach based on the HLA-A2 binding motif. These peptides were examined for their ability to induce peptide-specific T cell responses in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained from either HLA-A2(+) healthy donors or HLA-A2(+) prostate cancer patients. The recognition of HLA-A2 positive and PSGR expressing LNCaP cells was also tested. Among the 21 PSGR-derived peptides, three peptides, PSGR3, PSGR4 and PSGR14 frequently induced peptide-specific T cell responses in PBMCs from both healthy donors and prostate cancer patients. Importantly, these peptide-specific T cells recognized and killed LNCaP prostate cancer cells in an HLA class I-restricted manner.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:

We have identified three novel HLA-A2-restricted PSGR-derived peptides recognized by CD8(+) T cells, which, in turn, recognize HLA-A2(+) and PSGR(+) tumor cells. The PSGR-derived peptides identified may be used as diagnostic markers as well as immune targets for development of anticancer vaccines.

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