Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Virol J. 2012 Sep 28;9:220. doi: 10.1186/1743-422X-9-220.

IL-2 immunotherapy in chronically SIV-infected Rhesus macaques.

Author information

  • 1INSERM U955 Equipe 16, Institut Mondor de Recherche Biomédicale, Créteil, F-94010, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Despite inducing a sustained increase in CD4+ T cell counts, intermittent recombinant IL-2 (rIL-2) therapy did not confer a better clinical outcome in HIV-infected patients enrolled in large phase III clinical trials ESPRIT and SILCAAT. Several hypotheses were evoked to explain these discrepancies. Here, we investigated the impact of low and high doses of IL-2 in Rhesus macaques of Chinese origin infected with SIVmac251 in the absence of antiretroviral therapy (ART).

RESULTS:

We demonstrated that rIL-2 induced a dose dependent expansion of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells without affecting viral load. rIL-2 increased CD4 and CD8 Treg cells as defined by the expression of CD25(high)FoxP3(+)CD127(low). We also showed that rIL-2 modulated spontaneous and Fas-mediated CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell apoptosis. The higher dose exhibited a dramatic pro-apoptotic effect on both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell populations. Finally, all the animals treated with rIL-2 developed a wasting syndrome in the month following treatment simultaneously to a dramatic decrease of circulating effector T cells.

CONCLUSION:

These data contribute to the understanding of the homeostatic and dosage effects of IL-2 in the context of SIV/HIV infection.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk