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Biosens Bioelectron. 2013 Mar 15;41:424-9. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2012.08.061. Epub 2012 Sep 8.

Characterization of a modified gold platform for the development of a label-free anti-thrombin aptasensor.

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  • 1Instituto de Investigaciones en Físico Química de Córdoba (INFIQC) CONICET-UNC, Departamento de Físico Química, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Ciudad Universitaria, 5000 Córdoba, Argentina.


This work reports the characterization of a modified gold surface as a platform for the development of a label free aptasensor for thrombin detection. The biorecognition platform was obtained by the self-assembly of 4-mercaptobenzoic acid onto a gold surface, covalent attachment of streptavidin and further immobilization of the biotinylated anti-thrombin aptamer. The biosensing platform was characterized by cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring. The biorecognition event aptamer-thrombin was detected from changes in the SPR angle produced as a consequence of the molecular interaction between the aptasensor and the target protein. The biosensing platform demonstrated to be highly selective for human thrombin even in the presence of large excess of bovine thrombin, bovine serum albumin, cytochrome C, lysozyme and myoglobin. The relationship between the changes in the SPR angle and thrombin concentration was linear up to 0.19 μmol L(-1) (R(2)=0.992) while the detection limit was of 12.0 nmol L(-1) (240 fmol in the sample). This new sensing approach represents an interesting and promising alternative for the SPR-based quantification of thrombin.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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