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Sports Health. 2010 Jan;2(1):39-50.

Current concepts in the evaluation and treatment of the shoulder in overhead-throwing athletes, part 1: physical characteristics and clinical examination.

Author information

  • 1Boston Red Sox Baseball Club, Boston, Massachusetts, and the Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Abstract

The overhead-throwing athlete is a challenging sports medicine patient. The repetitive microtraumatic stresses imposed on the athlete's shoulder joint complex during the throwing motion constantly places the athlete at risk for injury. These stresses may effect several adaptations to normal shoulder range of motion, strength, and scapula position. The clinician should therefore appreciate the unique physical characteristics of the overhead-throwing athlete to accurately evaluate and treat throwing-related injuries.

KEYWORDS:

baseball; glenohumeral joint; scapula

PMID:
23015922
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3438857
Free PMC Article
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