Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Cancer Res. 2012 Nov 15;18(22):6306-14. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-12-0406. Epub 2012 Sep 26.

Measurement of tumor VEGF-A levels with 89Zr-bevacizumab PET as an early biomarker for the antiangiogenic effect of everolimus treatment in an ovarian cancer xenograft model.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medical Oncology, Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy, and Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.



The mTOR pathway is frequently activated in ovarian cancers. mTOR inhibitors, such as everolimus, can reduce VEGF-A production by cancer cells. We investigated whether early everolimus treatment effects could be monitored by positron emission tomography (PET) with (89)Zr-bevacizumab.


The effect of everolimus on VEGF-A secretion was determined in a panel of human ovarian cancer cell lines and in A2780(luc+) ovarian cancer cells xenografted subcutaneously in BALB/c mice. Mice received daily 10 mg/kg everolimus intraperitoneally (i.p.) for 14 days. PET scans with the tracer (89)Zr-labeled bevacizumab were conducted before and after treatment. Ex vivo (89)Zr-bevacizumab biodistribution and correlative tissue analyses were conducted. Tumor VEGF-A levels were measured with ELISA and mean vascular density (MVD) was determined with immunohistochemistry.


Everolimus treatment reduced VEGF-A levels in the supernatant of all cell lines. Everolimus lowered (89)Zr-bevacizumab tumor uptake by 21.7% ± 4.0% [mean standardized uptake value (SUV(mean)) 2.3 ± 0.2 vs. 2.9 ± 0.2, P < 0.01]. Ex vivo biodistribution also showed lower tracer uptake in the tumors of treated as compared with control animals (7.8 ± 0.8%ID/g vs. 14.0 ± 1.7%ID/g, P < 0.01), whereas no differences were observed for other tissues. This coincided with lower VEGF-A protein levels in tumor lysates in treated versus untreated tumors (P = 0.04) and reduced MVD (P < 0.01).


Tumor VEGF-A levels are decreased by everolimus. (89)Zr-bevacizumab PET could be used to monitor tumor VEGF-A levels as an early biomarker of the antiangiogenic effect of mTOR inhibitor therapy.

©2012 AACR.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk