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Exp Ther Med. 2010 Jul;1(4):651-655. Epub 2010 Jul 1.

Neoadjuvant intraarterial chemotherapy for stage IIB-IIIB cervical cancer in Japanese women.

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  • 1Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and.

Abstract

Chemoradiotherapy is currently the main treatment for locally advanced cervical cancer, but neoadjuvant intraarterial chemotherapy (IA-NAC) has been reported to achieve favorable results. This study investigated the efficacy of several different IA-NAC regimens. The subjects were 55 patients with stage IIB-IIIB cervical cancer who received IA-NAC between January 1991 and April 2006. IA-NAC was administered for a total of 1-3 courses at 3-week intervals, with three different regimens being employed in chronological order. The response rate achieved with IA-NAC was 90.2% for squamous cell carcinoma, 60% for adenosquamous carcinoma and 42.9% for adenocarcinoma. Surgery was performed after IA-NAC in 36 patients, and radiotherapy alone was performed in 19 patients. The 5-year survival rate was 72.9% for patients with squamous cell carcinoma and 50% for those with adenocarcinoma or adenosquamous carcinoma. PAMF therapy (cisplatin, epirubicin, mitomycin-C and 5-fluorouracil) achieved a response rate of ≥90% for squamous cell carcinoma, as did CDDP + THP therapy (cisplatin plus pirarubicin), while PACF therapy (cisplatin, epirubicin, cyclophosphamide and 5-flurouracil) achieved a better response rate for adenosquamous carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Grade 3 or 4 hematological toxicity was significantly more common with PAMF therapy. In conclusion, IA-NAC improved the survival of patients with squamous cell carcinoma. CDDP + THP therapy achieved a high response rate with little hematologic toxicity. PACF therapy achieved a significantly higher response rate in patients with adenosquamous carcinoma or adenocarcinoma. Therefore, IA-NAC may be a therapeutic option for locally advanced cervical cancer, particularly using the above-mentioned regimens.

PMID:
22993589
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3445922
Free PMC Article
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