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Luminescence. 2013 Sep-Oct;28(5):745-50. doi: 10.1002/bio.2428. Epub 2012 Sep 17.

New spectrofluorimetric and spectrophotometric methods for the determination of the analgesic drug, nalbuphine in pharmaceutical and biological fluids.

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  • 1Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Zagazig University, Zagazig, 44511, Egypt.


We describe the first studies of a simple and sensitive spectrofluorimetric and spectrophotometric methods for the analysis of nalbuphine (NLB) in dosage form and biological fluids. The spectrofluorimetric method was based on the oxidation of NLB with Ce(IV) to produce Ce(III) and its fluorescence was monitored at 352 nm after excitation at 250 nm. The spectrophotometric method involves addition of a known excess of Ce(IV) to NLB in acid medium, followed by determination of residual Ce(IV) by reacting with a fixed amount of methyl orange and measuring absorbance at 510 nm. In both methods, the amount of Ce(IV) reacted corresponds to the amount of NLB and measured fluorescence or absorbance were found to increase linearly with the concentration of NLB, which are corroborated by correlation coefficients of 0.9997 and 0.9999 for spectrofluorimetric and spectrophotometric methods, respectively. Different variables affecting the reaction conditions such as concentrations of Ce(IV), type and concentration of acid medium, reaction time, temperature, and diluting solvents were carefully studied and optimized. The accuracy and precision of the methods were evaluated on intra-day and inter-day basis. The proposed methods were successfully applied for the determination of NLB in pharmaceutical formulation and biological samples with good recoveries.

Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


cerium (IV); nalbuphine; spectrofluorimetric; spectrophotometric

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