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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2012 Dec;56(12):6160-5. doi: 10.1128/AAC.01078-12. Epub 2012 Sep 17.

Efficacy of ceftaroline fosamil in a staphylococcal murine pneumonia model.

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  • 1Center for Anti-Infective Research and Development, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, CT, USA.

Abstract

Ceftaroline fosamil is a cephalosporin with activity against Gram-positive pathogens, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The objective of this study was to characterize the dose-response relationship of ceftaroline fosamil against S. aureus in an immunocompromised murine pneumonia model, as well as to evaluate the efficacy of the humanized regimen of 600 mg intravenously (i.v.) every 12 h. Seventeen S. aureus (2 methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus [MSSA], 15 MRSA) isolates with ceftaroline MICs of 0.5 to 4 μg/ml were utilized. The pharmacokinetics of ceftaroline in serum and epithelial lining fluid (ELF) were evaluated to determine bronchopulmonary exposure profiles in infected and uninfected animals, using single and human-simulated doses. Serum fT>MIC (the percentage of time that free drug concentrations remain above the MIC) of 17% to 43% was required to produce a 1-log(10) kill in the dose-ranging studies. These targets were readily achieved with the humanized exposure profile, where decreases of 0.64 to 1.95 log(10) CFU were observed against 13 MRSA and both MSSA isolates tested. When taken as a composite, the fT>MICs required for stasis and a 1-log(10) kill were 16% and 41%, respectively. ELF concentrations were similar to serum concentrations across the dosing interval in infected and uninfected animals. The serum fT>MIC targets required in this lung infection model were similar to those observed with ceftaroline against S. aureus in a murine thigh infection model. Exposures simulating the human dose of 600 mg i.v. every 12 h achieved pharmacodynamic targets against MRSA and MSSA considered susceptible by current U.S. FDA breakpoints.

PMID:
22985880
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3497181
Free PMC Article
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