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Lipids Health Dis. 2012 Sep 17;11:119. doi: 10.1186/1476-511X-11-119.

Phenolic-glycolipid-1 and lipoarabinomannan preferentially modulate TCR- and CD28-triggered proximal biochemical events, leading to T-cell unresponsiveness in mycobacterial diseases.

Author information

  • 1Immunology Laboratory, National JALMA Institute for Leprosy and Other Mycobacterial Diseases-ICMR, Dr. M. Miyazaki Marg, Tajganj, Agra 282001, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Advanced stages of leprosy show T cell unresponsiveness and lipids of mycobacterial origin are speculated to modulate immune responses in these patients. Present study elucidates the role of phenolicglycolipid (PGL-1) and Mannose-capped lipoarabinomannan (Man-LAM) on TCR- and TCR/CD28- mediated signalling.

RESULTS:

We observed that lipid antigens significantly inhibit proximal early signalling events like Zap-70 phosphorylation and calcium mobilization. Interestingly, these antigens preferentially curtailed TCR-triggered early downstream signalling events like p38 phosphorylation whereas potentiated that of Erk1/2. Further, at later stages inhibition of NFAT binding, IL-2 message, CD25 expression and T-cell blastogenesis by PGL-1 and Man-LAM was noted.

CONCLUSION:

Altogether, we report that Man-LAM and PGL-1 preferentially interfere with TCR/CD28-triggered upstream cell signalling events, leading to reduced IL-2 secretion and T-cell blastogenesis which potentially could lead to immunosupression and thus, disease exacerbation, as noted in disease spectrum.

PMID:
22985026
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3477116
Free PMC Article

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