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FEBS J. 2012 Nov;279(22):4131-44. doi: 10.1111/febs.12006. Epub 2012 Oct 11.

Phosphorylation on threonine 11 of β-dystrobrevin alters its interaction with kinesin heavy chain.

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  • 1Department of Cell Biology and Neuroscience, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.

Abstract

Dystrobrevin family members (α and β) are cytoplasmic components of the dystrophin-associated glycoprotein complex, a multimeric protein complex first isolated from skeletal muscle, which links the extracellular matrix to the actin cytoskeleton. Dystrobrevin shares high homology with the cysteine-rich and C-terminal domains of dystrophin and a common domain organization. The β-dystrobrevin isoform is restricted to nonmuscle tissues, serves as a scaffold for signaling complexes, and may participate in intracellular transport through its interaction with kinesin heavy chain. We have previously characterized the molecular determinants affecting the β-dystrobrevin-kinesin heavy chain interaction, among which is cAMP-dependent protein kinase [protein kinase A (PKA)] phosphorylation of β-dystrobrevin. In this study, we have identified β-dystrobrevin residues phosphorylated in vitro by PKA with pull-down assays, surface plasmon resonance measurements, and MS analysis. Among the identified phosphorylated residues, we demonstrated, by site-directed mutagenesis, that Thr11 is the regulatory site for the β-dystrobrevin-kinesin interaction. As dystrobrevin may function as a signaling scaffold for kinases/phosphatases, we also investigated whether β-dystrobrevin is phosphorylated in vitro by kinases other than PKA. Thr11 was phosphorylated by protein kinase C, suggesting that this represents a key residue modified by the activation of different signaling pathways.

© 2012 The Authors Journal compilation © 2012 FEBS.

PMID:
22978324
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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