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Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2012 Oct 30;26(20):2422-30. doi: 10.1002/rcm.6362.

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from soils amended with digestate derived from anaerobic treatment of food waste.

Author information

  • 1Department of Agricultural and Environmental Science, University of Perugia, Borgo XX Giugno, 72-06121, Perugia, Italy. dpezzolla@hotmail.com

Abstract

RATIONALE:

The application of organic materials to agricultural lands is considered good practice to improve soil organic matter content and recycle nutrients for crop growth. The anaerobic treatment of food waste may have environmental benefits, particularly with regard to greenhouse gases (GHGs) mitigation and enhancement of carbon sequestration.

METHODS:

This work presents the results from a field experiment to evaluate CO(2) , CH(4) and N(2) O emissions from grassland amended with digestate produced by anaerobic fermentation of food waste. Experimental plots, located close to Rothamsted Research-North Wyke, were established using a randomized block design with three replicates and two treatments, added digestate (DG) and the unamended control (CNT). The digestate was applied on three occasions at an equivalent rate of 80 kg N ha(-1) .

RESULTS:

The application of digestate led to an increase in CO(2) emissions, especially after the 2(nd) application (74.1 kg CO(2) -C ha(-1)  day(-1) ) compared with the CNT soil (36.4 kg CO(2) -C ha(-1)  day(-1) ), whereas DG treatment did not affect the overall CH(4) and N(2) O emissions. The total grass yield harvested on a dry matter basis was greater in the DG treated plots (0.565 kg m(-2) ) than in the CNT plots (0.282 kg m(-2) ), as was the (15)  N content in the harvest collected from the DG plots.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results suggest that the digestate can be applied to agricultural land as a fertilizer to grow crops. Our study was conducted in an exceptionally dry growing season, so conclusions about the effect of digestate on GHG emissions should take this into account, and further field trials conducted under more typical growing seasons are needed.

Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

PMID:
22976209
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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