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Neurobiol Dis. 2012 Sep 10;49C:148-158. doi: 10.1016/j.nbd.2012.09.002. [Epub ahead of print]

hMTH1 expression protects mitochondria from Huntington's disease-like impairment.

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  • 1Department of Environment and Primary Prevention, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy.


Huntington disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disease caused by expansion of CAG repeats in the huntingtin (Htt) gene. The expression of hMTH1, the human hydrolase that degrades oxidized purine nucleoside triphosphates, grants protection in a chemical HD mouse model in which HD-like features are induced by the mitochondrial toxin 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP). To further examine the relationship between oxidized dNTPs and HD-like neurodegeneration, we studied the effects of hMTH1 expression in a genetic cellular model for HD, such as striatal cells expressing mutant htt (Hdh(Q111)). hMTH1 expression protected these cells from 3-NP and H(2)O(2)-induced killing, by counteracting the mutant htt-dependent increased vulnerability and accumulation of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA 8-hydroxyguanine levels. hMTH1 expression reverted the decreased mitochondrial membrane potential characteristic of Hdh(Q111) cells and delayed the increase in mitochondrial reactive oxygen species associated with 3-NP treatment. Further indications of hMTH1-mediated mitochondrial protection are the partial reversion of 3-NP-induced alterations in mitochondrial morphology and the modulation of DRP1 and MFN1 proteins, which control fusion/fission rates of mitochondria. Finally, in line with the in vitro findings, upon 3-NP in vivo treatment, 8-hydroxyguanine levels in mitochondrial DNA from heart, muscle and brain are significantly lower in transgenic hMTH1-expressing mice than in wild-type animals.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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