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FASEB J. 2013 Jan;27(1):25-33. doi: 10.1096/fj.12-213744. Epub 2012 Sep 12.

Adipose-derived factor CTRP9 attenuates vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and neointimal formation.

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  • 1Department of Cardiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.


Obesity is closely associated with the progression of vascular disorders, including atherosclerosis and postangioplasty restenosis. C1q/TNF-related protein (CTRP) 9 is an adipocytokine that is down-regulated in obese mice. Here we investigated whether CTRP9 modulates neointimal hyperplasia and vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation in vivo and in vitro. Left femoral arteries of wild-type (WT) mice were injured by a steel wire. An adenoviral vector expressing CTRP9 (Ad-CTRP9) or β-galactosidase as a control was intravenously injected into WT mice 3 d before vascular injury. Delivery of Ad-CTRP9 significantly attenuated the neointimal thickening and the number of bromodeoxyuridine-positive proliferating cells in the injured arteries compared with that of control. Treatment of VSMCs with CTRP9 protein attenuated the proliferative and chemotactic activities induced by growth factors including platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB, and suppressed PDGF-BB-stimulated phosphorylation of ERK. CTRP9 treatment dose-dependently increased cAMP levels in VSMCs. Blockade of cAMP-PKA pathway reversed the inhibitory effect of CTRP9 on DNA synthesis and ERK phosphorylation in response to PDGF-BB. The present data indicate that CTRP9 functions to attenuate neointimal formation following vascular injury through its ability to inhibit VSMC growth via cAMP-dependent mechanism, suggesting that the therapeutic approaches to enhance CTRP9 production could be valuable for prevention of vascular restenosis after angioplasty.

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