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J Agric Food Chem. 2012 Oct 3;60(39):9822-7. doi: 10.1021/jf3017496. Epub 2012 Sep 25.

Oat β-glucan increased ATPases activity and energy charge in small intestine of rats.

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  • 1College of Food Science and Engineering, Northwest A&F University , 28 Xinong Road, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, China.


Dietary oat or oat products may potentially help to fight against high risk of cardiovascular diseases and β-glucan in oat was considered as a central player. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of dietary oat whole meal or β-glucan on insulin sensitivity and energy metabolism of rats. Rats were fed with control diet, oat whole meal based diet, or control diet with supplemented β-glucan for 4 weeks. Oat whole meal and β-glucan increased insulin sensitivity index. Interestingly, supplementation of oat whole meal or β-glucan induced increases in intestinal Na(+)K(+)-ATPase activity, Ca(2+)Mg(2+)-ATPase activity, and energy charge, particularly in the distal part of small intestine (ileum). Furthermore, amounts of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus in colon contents were elevated by oat whole meal or β-glucan. These findings provide an insight into that β-glucan increased insulin sensitivity and benefited intestinal health.

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