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J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2012 Aug;12(8):6583-7.

Growth and characterization of bamboo-shaped carbon nanotubes using nanocluster-assembled ZnO:Co thin films as catalyst.

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  • 1School of Electronic Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, 210096, China.


Bamboo-shaped carbon nanotubes (CNTs) had been successfully fabricated by a plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition method, in which nanocluster-assembled ZnO:Co thin film was used as catalyst. It was found that bamboo-shaped CNTs were generally grown in a direction perpendicularly to the substrate surface with the tops of CNTs dominated by the droplet-like catalyst covered by the carbon layer. The diameter of CNTs was ranged from 20-50 nm. High resolution of TEM image showed that the typical CNT had a multi-walled structure with an inner core presented. The ordered graphite layers were inclined to an axis of CNT about 18 degrees and the interlayer space of a CNT was about 0.35 nm. Two peaks in Raman spectrum at 1586 cm(-1) and 1372 cm(-1) were identified as G-band and D-band for graphite, respectively. The results showed that catalyst based on ZnO:Co thin films could be used for the growth of CNTs with bamboo-shaped structure.

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