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J Invest Dermatol. 1990 Jan;94(1):43-6.

Keratinocyte prostaglandin synthesis is enhanced by IL-1.

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  • 1Division of Dermatology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110.


Keratinocytes are a rich source of IL-1, a cytokine which stimulates prostaglandin synthesis in many cell types. The effects on arachidonic acid metabolism of this cytokine were therefore studied in cultured adult human keratinocytes. Exogenous IL-1 increased basal cellular prostaglandin synthesis (particularly PGE2) threefold. Increased PGE2 synthesis in response to IL-1 was inhibited by cycloheximide, suggesting a requirement for new protein synthesis. Irradiation of the keratinocytes with low-dose ultraviolet light B (UVB) resulted in the release of increased quantities of both IL-1 and PGE2. The amount of IL-1 released was sufficient to increase PGE2 synthesis when exogenously added to unstimulated cells, suggesting a causal relationship. The time course of accumulation of IL-1 and PGE2 in the medium of irradiated keratinocytes was also consistent with a cause-effect relationship. No feedback inhibition of IL-1 release by the increased PGE2 was detected as demonstrated by the observation that IL-1 production in response to UVB was not augmented by treatment with indomethacin or blunted by the exogenous addition of PGE2. These data suggest that keratinocyte IL-1 may be partially responsible for induction of keratinocyte PGE2 synthesis after UVB irradiation.

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