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J Anim Sci Biotechnol. 2012 Aug 22;3(1):26. doi: 10.1186/2049-1891-3-26.

Progress of genome wide association study in domestic animals.

Author information

  • 1Key Laboratory of Chicken Genetics and Breeding, Ministry of Agriculture, Harbin, 150030, People's Republic of China. lihui@neau.edu.cn.

Abstract

Domestic animals are invaluable resources for study of the molecular architecture of complex traits. Although the mapping of quantitative trait loci (QTL) responsible for economically important traits in domestic animals has achieved remarkable results in recent decades, not all of the genetic variation in the complex traits has been captured because of the low density of markers used in QTL mapping studies. The genome wide association study (GWAS), which utilizes high-density single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), provides a new way to tackle this issue. Encouraging achievements in dissection of the genetic mechanisms of complex diseases in humans have resulted from the use of GWAS. At present, GWAS has been applied to the field of domestic animal breeding and genetics, and some advances have been made. Many genes or markers that affect economic traits of interest in domestic animals have been identified. In this review, advances in the use of GWAS in domestic animals are described.

PMID:
22958308
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3506437
Free PMC Article
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