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Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2013 May;43(5):946-51. doi: 10.1093/ejcts/ezs484. Epub 2012 Sep 6.

The clinical value of computer tomographic angiography for the diagnosis and therapeutic planning of patients with pulmonary sequestration.

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  • 1Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan Province, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study was conducted to evaluate the clinical value of computed tomographic (CT) angiography for diagnosis and therapeutic planning in patients with pulmonary sequestration.

METHODS:

Forty-three patients with suspected pulmonary sequestration underwent CT angiography before undergoing digital subtraction angiography or surgery. For each patient, CT angiography was used to determine whether the pulmonary sequestration was suitable for coil embolization, surgical resection or conservative treatment. The treatments planned using CT angiography were compared with actual treatment decisions made or treatments administered using digital subtraction angiography or surgery.

RESULTS:

Digital subtraction angiography and/or surgery confirmed pulmonary sequestration in 37 patients; six patients had no pulmonary sequestration. The diagnostic performance of CT angiography for pulmonary sequestration in the patient-based evaluation yielded an accuracy of 97.7%, sensitivity of 97.3%, specificity of 100%, positive predictive value (PPV) of 100% and negative predictive value (NPV) of 85.7%. The aberrant systemic artery-based evaluation yielded an accuracy of 98.0%, sensitivity of 97.8%, specificity of 100%, PPV of 100% and NPV of 85.7%. Treatments could be correctly planned using CT angiography with 100% accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV according to the aneurysm-based evaluation.

CONCLUSIONS:

We have obtained promising results with a CT angiography-based protocol, rather than a digital subtraction angiography-based protocol, as the only diagnostic and pretreatment planning tool in patients with pulmonary sequestration. The CT angiography-based selection of treatment strategies seems to be safe and effective in the majority of patients with pulmonary sequestration.

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