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Australas J Ageing. 2012 Sep;31(3):152-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-6612.2011.00558.x. Epub 2011 Aug 7.

Health education programs may be as effective as exercise intervention on improving health-related quality of life among Japanese people over 65 years.

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  • 1Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health Science and Social Welfare, Kibi International University, Okayama, Japan. ktamari@kiui.ac.jp



The current study was aimed to examine the short-term effects of a 3-month health education program on health-related quality of life using the Short-Form 36.


Twenty-five Japanese older people aged 65 and older in the health education program were compared with two historical control groups (n = 25 each) undertaking group and resistance exercise interventions and matched by age, sex and body mass index. A series of split-design two-way analyses of variance were conducted for data analysis.


Significant improvements were observed in general health and vitality subscales of the Short-Form 36 in the educational program group. Multivariate analyses, adjusted for several confounding factors, revealed that the effects of the three programs were comparable.


The findings suggest that a structured 3-month educational program may be as effective as exercise interventions in improving general health and vitality in a community-dwelling Japanese older population.

© 2011 The Authors. Australasian Journal on Ageing © 2011 ACOTA.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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