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Ophthalmic Genet. 2013 Mar-Jun;34(1-2):21-6. doi: 10.3109/13816810.2012.718029. Epub 2012 Sep 6.

Ophthalmic findings in a family with early-onset isolated ectopia lentis and the p.Arg62Cys mutation of the fibrillin-1 gene (FBN1).

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  • 1Department of Human Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, College of Medicine, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this paper is to describe ophthalmic findings in a family with isolated ectopia lentis (EL) caused by a specific FBN1 mutation.

METHODS:

Detailed family histories and clinical data were recorded for six isolated EL patients of 11 family members. The ophthalmological and systematic examinations were performed on patients and unaffected members of the investigated family. The detailed ocular examinations included visual acuity, anterior chamber depth, pupil size, lens location, optometry, central corneal thickness, keratometry, slitlamp examination, fundus examination, axial length, ocular B-ultrasound, gonioscope checking, ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) and intraocular pressure (IOP; Goldmann applanation tonometer). Systematic examinations included the measurement of echocardiogram, height, arm span, skull, face, jaw, tooth, breast bone, spinal column, and skin. Genomic DNA was extracted using the phenol-chloroform extraction method for all subjects, and sequencing was carried out on an ABI Prism 3730 Genetic Analyzer.

RESULTS:

A heterozygous mutation, c.184C>T (p.Arg62Cys) in exon 2 of FBN1 was identified in all affected members but was not found in any unaffected member of the family. Our study presented detailed clinical manifestations, including some novel ophthalmic findings, such as pupillary abnormality, different types of glaucoma, and progressive hyperopia.

CONCLUSIONS:

Ophthalmic findings and the p.Arg62Cys mutation of FBN1 gene were reported in a family with early-onset isolated ectopia lentis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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