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Adv Clin Chem. 2012;58:89-140.

The immune system--a hidden treasure for biomarker discovery in cutaneous melanoma.

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  • 1Immunobiology Laboratory, "Victor Babes" National Institute of Pathology, Bucharest, Romania. neagu.monica@gmail.com

Abstract

This chapter describes how skin immune system (SIS) is specifically involved in the development of cutaneous melanoma. Local immune surveillance is presented as a complex process that comprises markers to be monitored in disease's evolution and in therapy. The ranking of tissue or soluble immune markers in a future panel of diagnostic/prognostic panel are evaluated. Taking into account the difficulties of cutaneous melanoma patients' management, this chapter shows the immune surveillance at the skin level, the conditions that favor the tumor escape from the immunological arm, the immune pattern of skin melanoma with diagnostic/prognostic relevance, the circulatory immune markers, and, last but not least, how immune markers are used in immune-therapy monitoring. The chapter cannot be exhaustive but will give the reader a glimpse of the complex immune network that lies within tumor escape and where to search for immune-therapeutical targets in skin melanoma.

PMID:
22950344
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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