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Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2012 Jun;46(6):551-5.

[Immunogenicities and comparison of DNA vaccines encoding pol genes derived from B`/C and A/E recombinant HIV-1 strains].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

  • 1Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, Shanghai 201508, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To construct and compare the immunogenicities of DNA vaccines expressing pol genes derived from B`/C and A/E recombinant subtypes of HIV-1 in China.

METHODS:

Two DNA vaccines were constructed by inserting the codon optimized pol genes derived from B'/C and A/E subtypes of HIV-1 into mammalian expression vector pSV1.0. In vitro expression efficiencies of the two DNA vaccines were determined by Western blotting and their immunogenicities were compared by i.m. immunizing female BALB/c mice. After immunization, mice splenocytes were isolated sterilely and IFN-γ based enzyme linked immunospot assay (ELISPOT) was employed to read out the specific T cell immunity.

RESULTS:

The constructed DNA vaccines were validated by restriction enzyme digestion and DNA sequencing. Western blotting result showed both of the two DNA vaccines could be expressed at appreciable levels in vitro. Under the stimulation of Consensus B Pol peptide pools, specific T cell frequency elicited by pSVAE-Pol was (636±178) SFCs/10(6) splenocytes; specific T cell frequency elicited by pSVCN-Pol was (468±265)SFCs/10(6) splenocytes (P=0.412). Under the stimulation of HIV-1 AE2f Pol peptide pools, specific T cell frequency elicited by pSVAE-Pol was (1378±611) SFCs/10(6) splenocytes; specific T cell frequency elicited by pSVCN-Pol was (713±61) SFCs/10(6) splenocytes (P=0.134). Further analysis suggested pSVAE-Pol induced specific T cell responses mainly focused on Pol 1 peptide pool, while, in addition to induce Pol 1 specific T cell responses, pSVCN-Pol could also elicit T cell responses against consensus B Pol 2 peptide pool.

CONCLUSION:

Although pSVAE-Pol was more immunogenic, pSVCN-Pol could induce T cell responses against broader epitope spectrum. Rational vaccine design may need combine them together.

PMID:
22943905
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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