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J Grad Med Educ. 2011 Sep;3(3):315-9. doi: 10.4300/JGME-D-10-00179.1.

Addressing core competencies through hospital quality improvement activities: attitudes and engagement.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Hospital quality improvement initiatives are becoming increasingly common. Little is known about the influence of these initiatives on resident learning and attitudes. Our objective was to assess whether training in a hospital committed to involving residents in hospital-initiated, continuous quality improvement (CQI), and to participation in such activities, would influence residents' attitudes toward CQI and engagement in the hospital community.

METHODS:

We surveyed Seattle Children's Hospital pediatric residents, from residency graduation years 2002-2009. We included questions about participation in quality improvement activities during residency and measures of attitude toward CQI and of workplace engagement. We used descriptive statistics to assess trends in resident participation in hospital CQI activities, attitudes toward CQI and workplace engagement.

RESULTS:

The overall response rate was 84% (162 of 194). Among graduated residents, there was a significant trend toward increased participation in CQI activities (P  =  .03). We found no difference in attitude toward CQI between those who had and those who had not participated in such activities nor between residents who began training before and those who began after the hospital formally committed to CQI. Sixty-three percent of residents (25 of 40) who participated in CQI activities were engaged in the hospital community compared with 53% (57 of 107) who did not participate in CQI activities (P  =  .21).

CONCLUSIONS:

Training in a hospital committed to involving residents in CQI was associated with a high rate of participation in CQI activities. Although such training and participation in CQI were not associated with resident attitudes toward CQI or hospital engagement, it may allow residents to learn skills for practice-based learning and improvement and systems-based practice.

PMID:
22942955
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3179206
Free PMC Article
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