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Bioresour Technol. 2012 Nov;123:117-24. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2012.07.051. Epub 2012 Jul 27.

Production and characterization of acidophilic xylanolytic enzymes from Penicillium oxalicum GZ-2.

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  • 1Jiangsu Provincial Key Lab for Organic Solid Waste Utilization, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China.


Multiple acidophilic xylanolytic enzymes were produced by Penicillium oxalicum GZ-2 during growth on wheat straw, rice straw, corn stover, and wheat bran. The expression of xylanase isoforms was dependent on substrate type and nitrogen source. The zymograms produced by the SDS-PAGE resolution of the crude enzymes indicated that wheat straw was the best inducer, resulting in the highest xylanase (115.2U/mL) and β-xylosidase (89mU/mL) activities during submerged fermentation. The optimum temperature and pH for xylanase activity were 50°C and 4.0, respectively; however, the crude xylanase enzymes exhibited remarkable stability over a broad pH range and showed more than 90% activity at 50°C for 30min at pH 4.0-8.0. The results revealed that P. oxalicum GZ-2 is a promising acidophilic xylanase-producing microorganism that has great potential to be used in biofuels, animal feed, and food industry applications.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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