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[Use of multiple locus variable number tandem repeats analysis for the Brucella systematization].

[Article in Russian]

Abstract

The methods of molecular-genetic differentiation to strain level acquire increasing significance in the current system of struggle with brucellosis. MLVA (multiple locus variable number tandem repeats analysis) was selected for molecular-genetic differentiation to strain level and simultaneous establishment of the genetic relationship of investigated Brucella strains. The goal of this work was MLVA typing of three pathogenic Brucella species strains with the analysis of stability of chosen loci, discrimination power and concordance to conventional phenotypic methods of the Brucella differentiation for use in systematization of brucellosis causing agents.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Twenty six Brucella strains representing reference (n = 15), vaccine (n = 2) and field strains of three pathogenic Brucella species were tested: B. melitensis (n = 3), B. abortus (n = 2), B. suis (n = 2), and isolates (n = 2) with unidentified taxonomic position using MLVA with 9 pairs primers on known variable loci of Brucella genome. The analysis of the stability of chosen loci, discrimination power on Hunter-Gaston discrimination index (HGDI) and consistency to phenotypic methods of identification was performed.

RESULTS:

MLVA was confirmed for the results of phenotypic methods of identification, stability of the chosen loci in majority reference, and vaccine strains with a high index of variability HGDI 0.9969 for all loci. A dendrogram was plotted on the basis of MLVA data on distributed Brucella strains in related clusters according to its taxonomic species and biovar positions and construction of 25 genotypes. B. melitensis strains formed cluster related to the reference strain of B. melitensis 63/9 biovar 2. Australian isolates of Brucella 83-4 and Brucella 83-6 isolated from rodents formed a cluster distant from other strains of Brucella.

CONCLUSION:

MLVA is a promising method for differentiation of Brucella strains with known and unresolved taxonomic status for their systematization and creation of MLVA genotype catalogue that will promote qualitative improvement of brucellosis surveillance system in Russia.

PMID:
22937568
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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