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PLoS One. 2012;7(8):e43782. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0043782. Epub 2012 Aug 24.

Multilocus sequence subtyping and genetic structure of Cryptosporidium muris and Cryptosporidium andersoni.

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  • 1College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, China.

Abstract

In this study, nine C. muris and 43 C. andersoni isolates from various animals in China were subtyped by a multilocus sequence typing (MLST) tool. DNA sequence analyses showed the presence of 1-2 subtypes of C. muris and 2-6 subtypes of C. andersoni at each of the four loci (MS1, MS2, MS3, and MS16), nine of which represented new subtypes. Altogether, two C. muris and 10 C. andersoni MLST subtypes were detected. Linkage disequilibrium analysis indicated although the overall population structure of the two parasites was clonal, the Chinese C. andersoni in cattle has an epidemic structure. Three and two clusters were produced in the C. muris and C. andersoni populations by Structure 2.3.3 analysis, with Chinese C. muris and C. andersoni substructures differing from other countries. Thus, this study suggested the prevalence of C. andersoni in China is not attributed to the introduction of dairy cattle. More studies involving more genetic loci and systematic sampling are needed to better elucidate the population genetic structure of C. muris and C. andersoni in the world and the genetic basis for the difference in host specificity among the two most common gastric parasites.

PMID:
22937094
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3427161
Free PMC Article

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