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J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2012 Oct;34(7):e282-8.

Characteristics and prognosis of B-cell lymphoma in HIV-infected children in the HAART era.

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  • 1Service d'Onco-Hématologie Pédiatrique, Hôpital A. Trousseau, France.


Chronic HIV infection leads to increased risk of non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphoma. However, only few recent data are available about their current management and prognosis in HIV-infected children since the advent highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). This multicenter retrospective study describes the 12 cases of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma diagnosed in HIV-infected children in France between 1996 and 2009. All children had moderate to severe immunosuppression and high viral load at the time of diagnosis. Nine children had extracerebral primary sites and 3 had a primary central nervous system lymphoma. Eight patients had Burkitt lymphoma; 4 had diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Concomitantly with HAART, all children with extracerebral lymphoma received intensive chemotherapy according to LMB protocol, those with primary central nervous system lymphoma received high-dose methotrexate. No toxicity-related deaths occurred. Ten patients entered complete remission (CR), 2 died of tumor progression despite a second line of therapy. No relapses occurred after CR (median follow-up, 72 mo). Thus, prognosis of patients unresponsive to first-line lymphoma treatment remains poor, but relapse seems to be rare when CR is achieved. Children without severe comorbidities can tolerate intensive chemotherapy with a mandatory HAART treatment, taking into account drug interactions.

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