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Anal Biochem. 2012 Nov 15;430(2):171-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ab.2012.08.018. Epub 2012 Aug 26.

Real-time quantification of antibody-short interfering RNA conjugate in serum by antigen capture reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction.

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  • 1Biochemical and Cellular Pharmacology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.

Abstract

Short interfering RNA (siRNA) has therapeutic potential. However, efficient delivery is a formidable task. To facilitate delivery of siRNA into cells, we covalently conjugated siRNA to antibodies that bind to cell surface proteins and internalize. Understanding how these antibody-siRNA conjugates function in vivo requires pharmacokinetic analysis. Thus, we developed a simple real-time antigen capture reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay to detect intact antibody-siRNA conjugates. Biotinylated antigen bound to streptavidin-coated PCR tubes was used to capture antibody-siRNA conjugate. The captured antibody-siRNA conjugate was then reverse-transcribed in the same tube, avoiding a sample transfer step. This reproducible assay had a wide standard curve range of 0.029 to 480ng/ml and could detect as low as 0.58ng/ml antibody-siRNA conjugates in mouse serum. The presence of unconjugated antibody that could be generated from siRNA degradation in vivo did not affect the assay as long as the total antibody concentration in the antigen capture step did not exceed 480ng/ml. Using this assay, we observed a more rapid decrease in serum antibody-siRNA conjugate concentrations than the total antibody concentrations in mice dosed with antibody-siRNA conjugates, suggesting loss of siRNA from the antibody. This assay is useful for optimizing antibody-siRNA and likely aptamer-siRNA conjugates to improve pharmacokinetics and aid siRNA delivery.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22929697
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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