Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Circulation. 2012 Sep 25;126(13):1587-95. Epub 2012 Aug 28.

Predictors of early and late enrollment in cardiac rehabilitation, among those referred, after acute myocardial infarction.

Author information

  • 1Emory University School of Medicine, 1462 Clifton Road NE, Suite 502, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. susmita.parashar@emory.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a Class I recommendation. Although referral to CR after an AMI has recently become a performance measure, many patients may not participate. To illuminate potential barriers to participation, we examined the prevalence of, and patient-related factors associated with, CR participation within 1 and 6 months after an AMI.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We studied 2096 AMI patients enrolled from 19 US sites in the Prospective Registry Evaluating outcomes after Myocardial Infarction: Events and Recovery (PREMIER) registry. Analyses were limited to those patients referred for CR at the time of AMI hospitalization. A multivariable, conditional logistic regression model, stratified by hospital, was used to identify sociodemographic, comorbidity, and clinical factors independently associated with CR participation within 1 and 6 months of AMI hospital discharge. Only 29% (419/1450) and 48.25% (650/1347) of AMI patients who received referral for CR participated within 1 and 6 months after discharge, respectively. Women (odds ratio [OR], 0.61; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.44-0.86), uninsured (OR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.21-0.71), and patients with hypertension (OR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.43-0.78) and peripheral arterial disease (OR, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.22-0.85) were less likely to participate at 1 month. At 6 months after AMI, older patients (OR, 0.85 for each 10-year increment; 95% CI, 0.74-0.97), smokers (OR, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.44-0.80), and patients with economic burden (OR, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.38-0.81) were less likely to participate. Caucasians (OR, 1.73; 95% CI, 1.16-2.58) and educated patients (OR, 1.81; 95% CI, 1.42-2.30) were more likely to participate at 6 months. Patients with previous percutaneous interventions were less likely to participate at both 1 and 6 months post-AMI.

CONCLUSIONS:

Among patients referred for CR post-AMI, participation remains low both at 1 and 6 months after AMI. Because CR is associated with beneficial changes in cardiovascular risk factors and better outcomes after AMI, more aggressive efforts are needed to increase CR participation after referral.

PMID:
22929302
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk